provided on air quality monitoring, lasers, laser
applications and laser-material interactions. Manufacturer of custom
metal-vapor lasers including copper, manganese, lead and gold vapor lasers.
R&D performed on lasers, lasers applications, laser systems and air
A keynote Article
appearing in the Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research
Pulsed Metal Vapour Lasers - Physics and Emerging Applications in Industry, Medicine and Science:
NATO ASI Series, Series 1: Disarmament Technologies- Vol. 5;
Kluwer Academic Publishers; Dordrecht, Netherlands; pp. 15-26; 1996.
William T. Walter
Laser Consultants, Inc.
Huntington, New York 11743
In the 1960's vapors of metals
were examined for low-lying energy-level structures to provide
efficient laser action. Lead and manganese were earlier, but
copper has a more ideal energy-level configuration that yields
high-power green and yellow pulsed lasers. Copper lasers have
demonstrated high gain, scalability to large diameters and a
high-brightness output using unstable or high-loss optical
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